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Full text of "Flora Indica Vol-I"

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INTRODUCTORY ESSAY.                                149

50 inches. The cold season is delightful, -and the hot
much more temperate than in the Dekhan, from the more
northerly position and the greater humidity, as well as' from
the elevation of the table-land. Hot winds seldom blow, as
the south-westerly wind sets in long before the commencement
of the rainy season.
The valley of the Nerbada, being much below -the average
elevation of the table-land, is hotter and more humid than the
latter. In many places it is well cultivated, but a great part-
is hilly, the spurs of the bounding ranges approaching* close
to the river, which is so much interrupted by rajpids as to
be scarcely navigable. The low hills are usually covered with
bush-jungle, and the slopes of the more elevated ranges arc
clothed with much dense forest,
The flora of Malwah is scarcely known. The forests of the
valley of the Nerbada may be expected to present a- consider-
able amount of variety, but the climate and physical features
do not differ sufficiently from those of Khandesh on the one
hand and of Bahar on the other, to lead us. to. expe'ct much
novelty. Griffith has described a few:remarkable new forms
in a paper in the Journal of the Asiatic Society.
The province of Gujerat separates readily into three divi-
sions, which are very distinct in physical features. These
are  1. The peninsula of Katiwar \ 2. The alluvial plain along
the Gulf of Cambay, from the Tapti to -the -Gtdf of Kach;
3. The lower slopes of the Vindhia, where they dip into the
Katiwar is a mountainous district traversed by two parallel
ranges of hills, running east and west, which seem to be con-
nected by a north and south axis corresponding in direction,
as has been already observed, with the Arawali range. These
hills, which rise into peaks about 2000 or 2500 feet in height,
make the southern part of the peninsula much more liiunid
than the northern, -which participates iu the climate of Sindh.